PHRASAL VERBS ~ UNIT 18 (Exercises & Keys)

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PHRASAL VERBS - UNIT 18
I. Complete these sentences using the six ve
s from the list below. Use each ve
only once.
turn down - drop out - ca
y out - fall through - lay off - put forward
1. The United Nation's Peace Committee......a very interesting plan for achieving world
    peace.
2. There was a loud explosion as the te
orists.......their threat to bomb the embassy.
3. The factory had to.......many employees because of a drop in sales.
4. My boss.......my request for a pay rise.
5. Jane's plan to move to a bigger flat......when she lost her job.
6. Paul......of university because he found the work too difficult.
II. Change these sentences into the passive. Do not include the agent in your answer.
e.g. The company laid off ten employees.
     Ten employees were laid off.
1. A scientist is ca
ying out the tests now.
2. My boss laid me off.
3. The chairperson put forward a new proposal.
4. She turned down their application.
III. Replace the words in italics by the words in
ackets. Change the word order if necessary.
  e.g. The doctor ca
ied out the tests.                            (them)
     The doctor ca
ied them out.
1. Henry turned it down.                                         (the offer of a new job)
2. A soldier must ca
y out orders.                                 (them)
3. Tom put forward an interesting plan.                        (it)
4. The company laid them off.                                         (hundreds of manual workers)
IV. Complete the passage using ca
y out/fall through/lay off.
   Three months ago, the company's plan to expand.......and it had to.......nearly half of its work force. The employees were very annoyed about this and they......their threat to go on strike.
V. Complete the passage using turn down/drop out/put forward.
   Last week, we had a committee meeting to organize a Christmas party in our office. I......some interesting suggestions but they were all......, so I decided to......of the committee and let the others do all the work.
V. Use the ve
s in
ackets to reply to the following.
  e.g. Why are you looking so unhappy?  (turn down)
     Because I asked my girlfriend to ma
y me, and she turned me down.
1. Did your scheme succeed?    (fall through)
2. Why isn't Jim at work today?   (lay off)
3. Why does the doctor want to take a sample of my blood.   (ca
y out)
4. Did you take the money your father offered you?   (turn down)
5. What happened at the meeting?  (put forward)
6. Are you enjoying university?  (drop out)
 
 
ANSWER KEY
 
I.
1. put forward 2. ca
ied out 3. lay off
4. turned down 5. fell through 6. dropped out
II.
1. The tests are being earned out now
2. I was laid off
3. A new proposal was put forward
4. Their application was turned down
III.
1. turned down the offer of a new job/turned the offer of a new job down
2. ca
y them out
3. put it forward
4. laid off hundreds of manual workers/laid hundreds of manual workers off
IV. fell through, layoff, ca
ied out
V. put forward, turned down, drop out
VI.
1. No, it fell through because there wasn't enough time (etc.)
2. Because he's been laid off (etc.)
3. To ca
y out a test for diabetes (etc.)
4. No, I turned it down (etc.)
5. We put forward some new proposals (etc.)
6. Not really, so I've decided to drop out (etc.)
 
 Notes.
 - turn down: cự tuyệt; bác (đơn xin việc; yêu cầu)
 - drop out: bỏ cuộc; bỏ học (= play truant)
 - ca
y out: tiến hành; đem ra thi hành
- fall through: thất bại; không tiến hành (= fail to happen)
 - lay off: sa thải; cho nghỉ việc [vì hết việc] (= stop employing; dismiss; sack; give the sack)
 - put forward: đề xuất (= come up with)
 
 
 
 
 
 
     CẤN CHÍNH TRƯỜNG                                                                                                                                 EXTRA COURSE 11 & 12                            PHRASAL VERBS - UNIT 18
 


 

She turned down [a request]
 

He is dropping out…

They are ca
ying out the project.
 
 

 

He has been laid off.
 

He’s putting forward a new idea.
     CẤN CHÍNH TRƯỜNG                                                                                                                                 EXTRA COURSE 11 & 12                            PHRASAL VERBS - UNIT 18
 


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