GCSE MOCK TEST

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   SỞ GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC
TRƯỜNG THPT LIỄN SƠN
(Đề thi gồm: 05 trang)
ĐỀ KTCL ÔN THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2018-2019
Môn: TIẾNG ANH – ĐỀ SỐ 009
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề

 
Họ và tên thí sinh:……………………………………………………………………. SBD:…………………………
 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect answer to each of the questions.
For centuries, time was measured by the position of the sun with the use of sundials. Noon was recognized when the sun was the highest in the sky, and cities would set their clock by this apparent solar time, even though some cities would often be on a slightly different time. Daylight Saving Time (DST), sometimes called summer time, was instituted to make better use of daylight. Thus, clocks are set forward one hour in the spring to move an hour of daylight from the morning to the evening and then set back one hour in the fall to return to normal daylight.
Benjamin Franklin first conceived the idea of daylight saving during his tenure as an American delegate in Paris in 1984 and wrote about it extensively in his essay, "An Economical Project." It is said that Franklin awoke early one morning and was surprised to see the sunlight at such an hour. Always the economist, Franklin believed the practice of moving the time could save on the use of candlelight, as candles were expensive at the time.
In England, builder William Willett (1857–1915) became a strong supporter for Daylight Saving Time upon noticing blinds of many houses were closed on an early sunny morning. Willet believed everyone, including himself, would appreciate longer hours of light in the evenings. In 1909, Sir Robert Pearce introduced a bill in the House of Commons to make it obligatory to adjust the clocks. A bill was drafted and introduced into Parliament several times but met with great opposition, mostly from farmers. Eventually, in 1925, it was decided that summer time should begin on the day following the third Saturday in April and close after the first Saturday in October.
The U.S. Congress passed the Standard Time Act of 1918 to establish standard time and preserve and set Daylight Saving Time across the continent. This act also devised five time zones throughout the United States: Eastern, Central, Mountain, Pacific, and Alaska. The first time zone was set on "the mean astronomical time of the seventy-fifth degree of longitude west from Greenwich" (England). In 1919, this act was repealed.
President Roosevelt established year-round Daylight Saving Time (also called War Time) from 1942–1945. However, after this period, each state adopted its own DST, which proved to be disconcerting to television and radio
oadcasting and transportation. In 1966, President Lyndon Johnson created the Department of Transportation and signed the Uniform Time Act. As a result, the Department of Transportation was given the responsibility for the time laws. During the oil embargo and energy crisis of the 1970s, President Richard Nixon extended DST through the Daylight Saving Time Energy Act of 1973 to conserve energy further. This law was modified in 1986, and Daylight Saving Time was reset to begin on the first Sunday in April (to spring ahead) and end on the last Sunday in October (to fall back).
Question 01: The word “it” in paragraph 2 refers to__________.
 A. Franklin’s idea of daylight saving  B. Franklin's first conception
 C. Franklin’s first official tenure   D. Franklin’s delegation
Question 02: The word “obligatory” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to__________.
 A. imperative   B. approved  C. deficient  D. peculiar
Question 03: Who opposed the bill that was introduced in the House of Commons in the early 1900s?
 A. Sir Robert Pearce     B. television and radio
oadcasting companies
 C. farmers      D. the U.S. Congress
Question 04: The word “devised” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to__________.
 A. divided   B. invented  C. ordered  D. adapted
Question 05: Which of the following statements is true of the U.S. Department of Transportation?
 A. It was created by President Richard Nixon. B. It set standards for DST throughout the world.
 C. It constructed the Uniform Time Act.       D. It oversees all time laws in the United States.
Question 06: The Daylight Saving Time Energy Act of 1973 was responsible for__________.
 A. extending Daylight Saving Time in the interest of energy conservation
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 B. preserving and setting Daylight Saving Time across the continent
 C. instituting five time zones in the United States
 D. conserving energy by giving the Department of Transportation authority over time laws
Question 07: Which of the following would be the best title for this passage?
 A. Lyndon Johnson and the Uniform Time Act
 B. The History and Rationale of Daylight Saving Time
 C. The U.S. Department of Transportation and Daylight Saving Time
 D. Daylight Saving Time in the United States
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D  on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect answer to each of the following questions.
Question 08: You have to study hard to_________ your classmates.
A. keep pace with B. get in touch with  C. catch sight of D. look out for
Question 09: There are many people_________ lives have been spoilt by that factory.
A. whom  B. who                 C. whose  D. when
Question 10: He_________ for that company since he a
ived here.
A. has been worked B. has worked  C. had been working D. was working
Question 11: Nobody seemed to be interested in the news. It was greeted with a lack of_________.
A. enthusiastic B. enthusiasm   C. enthusiastically D. enthusiast
Question 12: Many plants and endangered species are now endangering of_________.
A. expression  B. expulsion   C. extinction  D. extension
Question 13: The article analyzes the impact of the tax based_________ real estate prices and sales.
A. in   B. on    C. at   D. with
Question 14: “I think Jane is at home”_ “No, she_________ be at home, for she phoned me from the airport just ten minutes ago.”
     A. mustn’t  B. needn’t     C. can’t   D. won’t
Question 15: She is wearing a_________ dress. She is said to be the most beautiful girl in the party.
     A. short pink wedding                 B. pink wedding short
     C. wedding pink short    D. pink short wedding
Question 16: Mary will have finished all her work_________.
A. as soon as her boss returned   B. until her boss will return
C. by the time her boss returns   D. when her boss will return
Question 17: Most_________ people in_________ Vietnam are preparing for the Lunar New Year.
      A. the / Ø   B. Ø / the     C. Ø / Ø  D. the / an
Question 18: The more you talk about the matter, _________.
A. the situation seems the worse B. the situation seems worse
C. the worse seems the situation D. the worse the situation seems
Question 19: Mary enjoys_________ to music when she has her free time.
A. to listen            B. listening    C. listen  D. being listened
Question 20: The teachers at the school went_________ with flu one after the other.
 A. out   B. down   C. off   D. under
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D  on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 21: A. attacks         B. repeats                 C. roofs       D. trays
Question 22: A. stomach       B. watch       C. change  D. church
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D  on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 23: A. appear  B. destroy   C. visit   D. attempt
Question 24: A. tomo
ow  B. construction          C. relation  D. pessimist
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D  on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs co
ection in each of the following questions.
Question 25: The mother aksed her little daughter studying harder for the final exam.   
   A. little  B. studying   C. harder  D. final
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Question 26: Alice in Wonderland, first published in 1865, has being translated into thirty languages.
        A. published  B. has    C. being  D. languages
Question 27: Are  you sure Tereshkova was the first woman traveling  in space?
A. Are   B. was    C. traveling  D. in space
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 28:  - Lucy: What an attractive hair style you have got, Mary!      - Sue: “______________”
A. Thank you very much. I am afraid   B. You are telling a lie
C. Thank you for your compliment    D. I don't like your sayings
Question 29: Mike and Lane are neighbors. They are talking about Lane’s party.
Mike: “Thank you for a lovely evening”  Lane: “______________”
A. It depends on you     B. Thank you very much indeed.
C. Yeah. I’m really looking forward to it  D. You are welcome
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D  on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlinded word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 30: The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), was established in 1946
A. set up   B. found out  C. run through D. put away
Question 31: Many species have become extinct each year before biologists can identify them.
A. destroy                      B. discover                   C. endanger                  D. drain
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D  on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlinded word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 32: "Be quick! We must speed up if we don’t want to miss the flight."
 A. turn down                 B. slow down             C. hu
y up                  D. put forward
Question 33: We offer a speedy and secure service of transfe
ing money in less than 24 hours.
      A. uninterested    B. unsure  C. open                         D. slow
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 34: I haven’t met old English teacher since I left school.
A. I didn’t have a chance to meet my old English teacher because I left school.
B. This is the last time I met my old English teacher at shool.
C. I last met my old English teacher when I left school.
D. My old English teacher hasn’t met me since I have left school.
Question 35: They think that the owner of the house has gone a
oad.
A. The owner of the house is thought to go a
oad.
B. The owner of the house is thought to have been going a
oad.
C. The owner of the house is thought to have been gone a
oad.
D. The owner of the house is thought to have gone a
oad.
Question 36: Without this treatment, the patient would have died.
A. If it hadn’t been for this treatment, the patient would have died. 
B. Unless the patient hadn’t had this treatment, he would have died.
C. Had not the patient had this treatment, he would have died. 
D. But for the patient had had this treatment, he would have died.
 
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 37: If you need my advice, I'm against your buying that car.
      A. If it were me, I'll buy that car.  
      B. If I were you, I wouldn't buy that car.
      C. If it were me, I hadn't bought that car.  
      D. If I were you, I would buy that car.
Question 38: She tried very hard to pass the driving test. She could hardly pass it.
      A. Because she didn‘t try hard to pass the driving test, she could pass it.
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      B. Despite being able to pass the driving test, she didn‘t pass it.
      C. Although she did her best, she could hardly pass the driving test.
      D. She tried very hard, so she passed the driving test satisfactorily.
 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 41 to 45.
English is the (39)_________ important language in the world today. A very large number of people understand and use English in all parts of the world. Indeed, English is very useful language. If we know English, we can go to any place or country we like. We shall not find it hard to (40)_________ people understand what we wish to say.
English also helps us to learn all kinds of subjects. Hundreds of books are written in English everyday in all (41)_________ to teach people many useful things. The English language has therefore helped to spread ideas and knowledge to all the corners of the world. There is no subject that cannot be learned in the English language.
As English is used so much everywhere in the world, it has helped to make the countries of the world become more (42)_________ with one another. The leaders of the world use English to understand one another. The English language has therefore also helped to spread better understanding and friendship among countries of the world. Lastly, a person (43)_________ knows English is respected by people. It is for all these reasons that I want to learn English.
Question 39: A. most   B. mostly  C. chiefly  D. best
Question 40: A. get   B. let   C. persuade  D. make
Question 41: A. places  B. sites  C. countries  D. scenes
Question 42: A. friend  B. friendly  C. friendship  D. friendliness
Question 43: A. what   B. whom  C. who   D. whose
 
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the co
ect answer to each of the questions from 44 to 50.
Global emissions of ca
on dioxide from fossil fuel burning jumped by the largest amount on record in 2010. Emissions rose 5.9 percent in 2010, according to an analysis released on Sunday by the Global Ca
on Project.
Scientists said the increase was almost certainly the largest absolute jump in any year since the Industrial Revolution. The increase solidified a trend of ever-rising emissions that will make it difficult, if not impossible, to stop severe climate change in coming decades.
The burning of coal represented more than half of the growth in emissions, the analysis found. In the United States, emissions dropped by a remarkable 7 percent in the year of 2009, but rose by over 4 percent in 2010, the new analysis shows.
“Each year, emissions go up, and there’s another year of negotiations, another year of indecision,” said Glen P. Peters, a researcher at the Center for International Climate and Environmental Research. “There’s no evidence that this path we’ve been following in the last 10 years is going to change.”
Scientists say the rapid growth of emissions is warming the Earth and putting human welfare at long-term risk. But their increasingly urgent pleas that society find a way to limit emissions have met sharp political resistance in many countries because doing so would involve higher energy costs.
The new figures show a continuation of a trend in which developing countries have surpassed the wealthy countries in their overall greenhouse emissions. In 2010, the burning of fossil fuels and the production of cement sent more than nine billion tons of ca
on into the atmosphere, the new analysis found, with 57 percent of that coming from developing countries.
On the surface, the figures of recent years suggest that wealthy countries have made headway in stabilizing their emissions. But Dr. Peters pointed out that, in a sense, the rich countries have simply exported some of them.
The fast rise in developing countries has been caused to a large extent by the growth of energy-intensive manufacturing industries that make goods that rich countries import. “All that has changed is the location in which the emissions are being produced,” Dr. Peters said.
Many countries, as part of their response to the economic crisis, invested billions in programs designed to make their energy systems greener. While it is possible, the new numbers suggest they have had little effect so far.                                                                        (Source: www.nytimes.com)
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Question 44: Many governments in the world resist limiting emissions because_________.
A. it is not the best way to solve such problems
B. they don’t realize the risks of ca
on emissions
C. it would probably harm human welfare in the long run
D. they are unwilling to accept higher energy costs
Question 45: According to the passage, the report found that the burning coal accounts for_________ of the increase in total emissions.
A. more than half
B. one-third
C. only about 7 percent
D. over 4 percent
Question 46: According to Glen P. Peters, we can learn that__________.
A. the rapid growth of emissions contributes to potential risks for humans
B. rich countries actually take more responsibility for the growth of emissions
C. human beings will follow the same path of negotiations in the next 10 years
D. some countries negotiate together yearly whether to reduce the amounts of emissions
Question 47: The word “urgent” in the passage is closest in meaning to___________.
A. needful 
B. pressing
C. related
D. unsolved
Question 48: Which of the following is TRUE according to the text?
A. Emissions in the United States dropped by about 7 percent in 2010.
B. Developing countries will produce less emissions with economic development.
C. There is a long way to go for many countries to limit the fast growth of emissions.
D. Over 50 percent of the growth in emissions resulted from the burning of fossil fuels.
Question 49: The phrase “On the surface” in the seventh paragraph means most nearly the same as  ___________.
A. Not thought about deeply or thoroughly
B. Just the tip of the iceberg
C. Judging from what can be seen
D. To all intents and purposes
Question 50: What is the main idea of this passage?
A. an analysis released by the Global Ca
on Project
B. the record jump in ca
on dioxide emissions
C. the possible climate change in future decades
D. the main harm of greenhouse gases
_________THE END_________
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